|Notes for Capt. Samuel PENFIELD|
|Pages 1 & 2,76|
He was a Captain in the Militia.
44, Page 1417
7. Page 235
Buried Old Guilford Burying Ground, abandoned 1817, now part of the
Sources of Information:
Genealogy of the Descendants of Samuel Penfield, Compiled and edited by
Florence Bentz PENFIELD. Published by Harris Press, Reading, PA 19601
Note from Susan (Penfield) Einman (Einman23/AOL) 2/6/1996, Penfield
!NEHGR Jan 1955, Was in Lynn, then Rehoboth, and under date of 1 Sep
1681, in a
list of the founders and first inhabitants of Bristol, RI, the name
!Genealogies of Rhode Island Families, from NEHGR, Vol. II;
Is on List of Tax Payers, Town of Bristol, RI., Sep 20,1695;
The early history of Samuel Penfield is found in the oldest colonial settlements of New England. No attempt has been made to go back into the history of his forebears in England. But this much has been found. The early records of Sussex, Essex, and Suffolk Counties in England show more "Penfold", "Penfeald", and "Penfield" names than any other section of England. In "The Family Names of Suffolk" by Bowditch, p.227, pub. London 1861, the spelling of the Penfold and Penfield names is discussed. One of the Penfields cited was "a Mr. Penfield of Portland, Conn." This, of course, is our line, and it appears very certain our Samuel Penfield's father came from an English Suffolk family. And legend has it that our Samuel's father had been a sympathizer of Cromwell, and when Cromwell was defeated, all his adherents had to flee the country, including Penfield.
In the many and varied family records which were studied for this work, there was a curiously persistent Legend of three brothers coming to this country. They were William, Thomas, and Samuel. This would have been dismissed as hearsay, had not records been uncovered in North Carolina of a large group of Penfields, in whose records the name of Thomas occurs repeatedly from colonial times. There is a Pension Record for the widow of Thomas Penfield who fought in the Revolution. This brings up the possibility of a brother, Thomas, who decided to settle farther south along the coast than in New England. Hinmans "Catalog of the First Puritan Settlers in the Colonie of Connecticut" refers to a William Penfeald or Penfield, appearing about 1663, in Middletown, Conn. He is also listed in "The Genealogy of Massachusetts", R-929, Vol. 4 p. 2187-8. Thorough research by genealogists in New England has failed to show any further records for him. He may have died early, certainly no descendants were found. The name William Benfield should not be confused with our family, for research found him to be a boat Captain on the Connecticut River, shuttling between Milford and Stamford with many court problems in 1662-1665.
Our Samuel Penfield was born in Lynne, Mass. about 1651. There is a record of Samuel appearing in court to testify in behalf of a neighbor, and he swore he was about 26 years old. It is in "Salem Quarterly Court Records and Files of Essex County, Mass." Jan. 1687 (vol. 6 p. 389). On pages 399 and 400 of the same volume, there is a list of members of the colonies who 'swore allegiance to the King' and Samuel's name appears, with the date 2/26/1677. He m. Mary Lewis on 30 Nov. 1675. A deed among the Middlesex County Records, dated Aug. 1695 at Cambridge, Mass. lists her as "Mary Lewis, who married the last of Nov. 1675, Samuel Penfield." Her birth date is Malden 1652 (old style) -- as shown in "County Court Returns of Malden, Mass. Birth Records Up to 1850".
In Bond's "History of Watertown, Mass." will be found Abraham Browne's Pedigree back to 1330, and as an accurate and reliable compilation. The Pedigree of Agnes Bedingfeld contains names of ancestors of Samuel Penfield and his descendants. It is based on the standard recognized authority: "Die Nackommen Karl des Grossen" by Prof. Brandenburg of Leipsig Germany, Scott & daughter of Sir Edmund Bedingfrld K. B. of Norfolk.
Samuel and his wife Mary resided in Lynne, Mass. until 1679. The records of the first two children's births, 1676 and 1678, come from there. Then they went to Rehoboth Mass. where we find the birth records of the next two children, 1680 and 1683. The next move was to New Bristol, RI ( now Providence) but then part of the large Plymouth Colonie. In the first town meeting of the new settlement 1 Sept. 1681, he was admitted as a citizen. He later took the 'Freeman's Oath" 9 Aug. 1686 and we find him captain of the militia. These records come from Muro's "History of Bristol, R.I." p.114. The 5th child was born here in 1685. The 1st Church of Christ, Cong. was organized 3 May 1687 and the next year the first 6 children were baptized, including the baby. Samuel, the father, was bap. 12 June 1695 in the same church. They had 10 children in all, and the parents stayed here until some of the older ones married, then all the family save Mary and Sarah, came to CT ca 1708/09.
They settled in Guilford, CT where he d: 30 Nov. 1710/11 (town clerks record badly blurred). In 1714, his oldest son Samuel Jr. died and later the same year Rebecca, a young daughter passed away. No stones have been found save that of Samuel Jr. which came from the old Guilford Buryimg Ground, abandoned in 1817. Years later, after stones began to disappear for building purposes, the remaining stones were stored in the basement of the 1st Cong. Church until placed along the north wall of Alderbrook Cemetery in 1925. Samuel Jrs, stone is here, but the bodies were never moved from the old cemetery. Later, when it was leveled, it became part of the Village Green. We believe this is where old Samuel is buried. Alderbrook Cemetery Association gave us all needed information.
Samuel and Mary had only two sons with living issues to carry on the Penfield name. The oldest, Samuel Jr. had descendants who bought land farther down the Connecticut River around Old Fairfield and Bridgeport, Conn. Most early records for this branch of the family will be found in that area. This has been called the Samuel line, for purpose of differentiation. John, the 2nd oldest son had descendants who settled around Middletown, and Portland (old Chatham) not far from the old Guilford homesite. Portland and Middletown furnish most of their records.
|Notes for Mary (Spouse 1)|
|Page 1 &2,76|
44, Page 1417
|Last Modified 31 Aug 2002||Created 18 Sep 2002|